The Gymnasium-Baths

The planning scheme of the Smaller Bath does not echo that of the typical Lycian baths as observed at the Great Bath. The Smaller Bath is composed of three main units. The eastern unit is considered to be the cold room (frigidarium) since no evidence for a heating system has been attested there. The adjoining room reached through an arched gate could be the warm room (tepidarium). Three arched high windows observed on the western wall of the warm room create a spacious environment in the unit. In contrast to the cold room, the warm room has a heating system both on the floor and on the side walls. A gate in the center of the warm room provides access to the hot room (caldarium) of the bath. This hot room furnished with heating system and it is quite small when compared to the sizes of the cold and warm rooms. An arched gate on the northern wall provides access into a palaestra (‘physical training ground’), measuring 63 x 45 m. The palaestra was surrounded by a colonnade from four sides. The northern and southern sides of the palaestra also contain dressing rooms and a fountain. The Smaller Bath was probably first built in the Early Roman period. The inscriptions found in the area indicate that the Smaller Bath was also restored after the devastating earthquake of the 141 A.D. along with numerous monuments of the city. The bath was apparently restored again after the second major earthquake occurred in Lycia in 240 A.D.