The Temple of Kronos

The temple of Cronus is one of the best preserved buildings of Tlos. This small temple oriented in north-south direction has 'templum in antis' style ground plan scheme. The temple built in Corinthian order is placed on a podium measuring 15.67 x 7.78 m in size. It is formed of a naos and distyle in antis pronaos. The temple is accessible from the north through seven steps. The pronaos measuring 5.14 x 3.07 m was linked to the nearly square cella measuring 6.97 x 5.23 m by a door. The original pavement blocks of the floor were unfortunately removed in later times to be re-used in the city basilica. However, the podium, frontal steps, and the step providing entrance to the pronaos were uncovered intact. The well-preserved podium 1.89 m height is topped by a single row of step. The side walls of the temple start over a transitional molding over this single row of step and ends with another transitional molding just below the ceiling. The total height of the temple rises to almost 10 m with the architrave, geison, and the tympanon of the superstructure. The sculpted friezes of the architrave blocks include floral designs. The extant pieces from the northern and eastern pediments show that the sima had lion’s head waterspouts. The epigraphic sources indicate that this small temple was dedicated to the god Cronus. On the basis of the evaluation of stylistic details, the temple is dated to the second century A.D.